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The Noble Quran, 3: Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the potter's clay: And once again, as was the case in the Codex Sinaiticus, we find that the Codex Vaticanus was reworked by at least two different authors after its compilation.
One is estimated to have begun his "correction" shortly after it was completed and another is assumed to have performed his second level "correction" in the 10th or 11th centuries. As we have previously seen, after the fourth century C.
It was not long until all opposition to their views and doctrines was pronounced a heresy and all of their proponents would be severely persecuted or killed.
Most of what the Church had defined in its definition of the nature of God and Jesus could not be proven through the scriptures. Thus, in order to ensure as complete and thorough a silencing of the opposition as humanly possible, not only did the Church order that all opposing writings be destroyed and their proponents put to death for blasphemy, but it also saw to it that all scriptures were translated into Latin and then withheld from the masses.
No one would be allowed to obtain a copy of the Bible for personal study and worship. If someone wanted to know something about God or His scripture he was required to go to the Church and respectfully ask them in all humility and submissiveness and the Church through its benevolence would dole out whatever portions of the scripture it wished, piecemeal, when and how it wished. In most situations, however, a shift was made from referring to the scripture itself to referring to their newly defined and continually refined "creeds.
Religion became big business with the Church selling to the masses patches of land in Heaven which they could purchase either for themselves of for their deceased relatives.
Religion became empty acts of kissing crosses and rings of Popes, and the Church became a real-estate agent for Heaven. Thus, the scripture itself all but disappeared from public use. It was no longer the property of the people, rather it became the exclusive property of the Church, to do with as they pleased, with no one to answer to nor anyone to see their actions. This was how censorship was imposed by the Trinitarian Church even upon their own chosen scriptures, and this is how they managed to secure the freedom they would need over the coming centuries in order to refine, correct, and re-write even their own scriptures in order to "clarify" their doctrines in the Bible and then correct the resultant discrepancies, and so on in a never ending downwards spiral.
All of this began to change in when Johann Gutenberg invented the first printing presses. The first book to be printed on this new press was the Bible. Due to the novelty of this new process it commanded an exorbitantly high price per copy which only the wealthiest of the wealthy could afford. However, the ball had been set in motion in a chain of events that would soon force the Bible out of the hands of the Church and back into those of the people.
It had taken close to 1, years, however, a light could now definitely be seen at the end of the tunnel and everyone began running towards it. The Bibles that were now beginning to be printed were copies of the official text as authorized by the Church. These were extremely 'dirty' copies of the Bible.
Not from the printing process, rather from the very content of the official texts themselves. The Trinitarian Church had been given complete freedom so many centuries ago by the pagan Roman empire in order to select whatever gospels or epistles they chose and to burn hundreds of others. They were then given total and complete freedom to withhold their chosen books of God from the masses until they could correct and clarify any errors and discrepancies they might find in them.
Their power grew to such an extent that they were answerable to no one. This would later become known as the "Dark Ages" and Kings and rulers were subject to the Church which could appoint or remove them as it saw fit. They had achieved ultimate power. This total unrestrained freedom continued for many centuries.
In spite of this, when their approved text was finally released to the public in the fifteenth century it still contained massive discrepancies and numerous errors and contradictions between one book and the next, or at times even within the same book itself. They had done their best to repair their major doctrines and insert verses which might later be used to validate them, however, many large discrepancies still remained, and their "correction" of the text had also had the side-effect of generating many more "trivial" and "inconsequential" discrepancies in the details.
The door had now been forced open, the censorship stranglehold released, and the cost of individual copies began to drop dramatically. As far as lay people were concerned any Bible, even one full of errors, was better than none at all.
At last, after more than a thousand years the opportunity to read, study and verify the word of God had arrived. Inevitably with this study the thirst from discerning scholars for more accurate translations emerged.
What was available to them then was a very degenerated copy, a copy of copies of copies of copies, up to one hundred generations long, having been exposed to slips of the pen, tampering and correction. The search for cleaner translations was now underway, but the Biblical world would not see the fruits of these efforts for another years.
The first printed Bibles were made from a copy of a manuscript that was in the common Roman language, Latin. This manuscript was a much later-generation copy of a text known as the "Vulgate," a Latin translation of the Bible prepared by the Church father Jerome CE. The first Bibles came off the press in , and by the Catholic Douay Bible was printed; which was also based on Jerome's Latin translation, using a copy dating back to around AD , and is still used to this day.
Sixty years after the first edition of the Bible was printed, a Dutch scholar named Erasmus in printed a Greek language version of the New Testament. He used only a half dozen available twelfth century copy manuscripts and a later copy of Jerome's Vulgate translation which he translated back into Greek. This translation had now gone through countless copies and had been converted from Greek to Latin and back to Greek. This mishmash brought about a self-originating, concocted Greek text producing a unique reading never to be found in any other known Greek manuscript.
Unfortunately this text became the basis for the received text, the "Textus Receptus," which was later used as the base text of the King James Bible.
The unjustified reverence that this Textus Receptus received as the "approved" text of the Church held back more accurate translations for many years.
This became the basis for most Protestant translations in Europe until the end of the nineteenth century. To criticize Church's 'approved' text was akin to sacrilege. It was regarded as the Holy Word, direct from God's mouth; to tamper with this translation was regarded as blasphemous.
Some Churches and denominations still hold this attitude even to the present day, although it has since been proven that it contains, by the most conservative estimates, over 2, errors. It is interesting to note that Churches which uphold the doctrine of the Trinity generally hang on for dear life to this far-from-accurate translation, adamantly refusing to believe that it contains a single error.
Could it have anything to do with the fact that this "approved" text of the Church has been exposed to many generations of modifications of the text, deliberate or otherwise, which have had the interesting end result of making this doctrine so much "clearer" to the reader than it ever was in any of the original manuscripts or with the very first Christians?
The Church maintained its attitude of sanctification and faultlessness toward its received text and this severely stifled the efforts of many to search for a more faithful and correct text. Of those rare individuals who did indeed manage to undertake a search for a more accurate text, the Church managed to maintain a large degree of control over their efforts by financing and supervising their clean-up projects.
Thus, these men were torn between loyalty to their financiers and loyalty to the Word of God. However, some courageous scholars pressed on for as clean and accurate a translation as they could get.
This required getting as far back in time and as close to the original writings in the copy chain as possible, to the very earliest available copies.
Thousands of dedicated scholars have devoted millions of man-hours to this task. As the original writings of the first disciples and any original Hebrew manuscripts have long since been utterly destroyed, therefore, a massive dragnet went out though the world collecting whatever copies could be found in whatever languages they might be written in. Over the years many more manuscripts were discovered by such men as Griesback, Tischendorf, and Tregelles between and , who researched and investigated them and based upon the discoveries made from the study of these ancient copies of the Bible, they made many corrections to the then-in-use "received text" of the Bible.
With the passage of time and the discovery of more and more manuscripts, the list of errors in the official Church "Textus Receptus" continued to mount. Eventually, these errors became so many and so serious that any efforts to correct this received text were completely abandoned and it was recognized that it was necessary to produce a completely fresh translation from scratch.
In an attempt at this was made by Wescott and Hort. Armed with the large cache of newly-discovered manuscripts they devised a system to evaluate the age and strength of these manuscripts by applying to them a two-level refining procedure. This involved resolving the various conflicts between the manuscripts in two ways: First, by evaluating the original author's most likely meaning based upon the internal context; second, by evaluating the position and motivation of the scribes and any possible external pressures that may have been brought to bear upon them in order to distort the original writers meaning, taking into account how all these factors would affect the reliability and accuracy of their work.
This involved dividing all available manuscripts into families. Each manuscript was identified as belonging to one of four families. By setting up a family tree for each family group of manuscripts the common older ancestor manuscripts were identified; these would be the more valuable, being closer to the originals.
Unfortunately, rather than simply dropping all verses which were found missing from the most ancient manuscripts and recognizing them as later forgeries and insertions, instead it was decided that with the exception of some very extreme cases, all verses which were missing from the most ancient manuscripts would be made up from more recent ones.
Combing down the tree in reverse order, where a bit of missing text was found not carried by the previous ancestors it was added from the next most ancient text, and so on if necessary, down the tree until all the available material was incorporated as far as possible into a composite text, weighted in favor of the oldest least corrupt piece of any given text. Thus, a completely new mishmash was created, neither faithfully representing the most ancient manuscripts in their possession nor endorsing the old mishmash officially endorsed by the Church.
Oh well, at least part of the truth is better than no truth at all. Once these scholars were through assembling this mishmash, a Greek translation was directly compiled. Once this new translation was compared to the officially accepted "Textus Receptus" of the King James Bible it could be seen how extensively the old official text deviated even from this compromise half-truth new translation. Since this new text did not force the scholars to recognize the whole truth but only small morsels of it, therefore, it was not long until most of them soon grudgingly abandoned the old text and recognized the validity of the changes made to the new one since they did, after all, only address a fraction of the most major and glaringly obvious errors in the original approved text.
This new and revised text was named the "Westcott and Hort" text and it became the basis upon which most modern day Bibles have been compiled, such as the Revised Standard Version, the New International Version, the American Standard Version, etc. Once cleaner translations started to become available from the start of the s, the old Church sponsored creed-adopted doctrines started to be exposed and take a bashing.
Using these cleaner translations, and cross-referencing all scripture statements on any one subject using Bible concordances, a clearer pattern would emerge as to the true original teachings of the Bible. When the old creed doctrines were held up to the light of this examination they failed the test. Foremost among these exposed fabrications of the Church was the doctrine of the Trinity and the relationship of Jesus to God, which were both found to be in no way supported by the Biblical text but were indeed forced upon the text through Church manipulation of the text including insertion of verses and mistranslation of others.
Although this information had come to light from the study of ancient manuscripts of the Bible by well respected Christian scholars, still, ancient prejudices die hard and many Trinitarian denominations preferred to stick with a known faulty text that endorsed centuries of creedal definitions rather than switch over to more accurate translations which would not support these ancient creeds.
The Church had spent over a thousand years programming these doctrines into the minds of the masses and such extensive indoctrination would not be easy to correct.
Following the s, numerous examples of even earlier manuscript evidence has come to light. With these earlier reference manuscripts now available, the whole critical process needs to be redone taking this more recently recovered evidence into account. However, as we have seen in the example of the re-translation of the s, no matter how good or ancient the source material, the unwillingness to simply discard all inserted or modified verses in favor of those found in the most ancient manuscripts and the emphasis contemporary scholars place on the 'weighting' aspect in the procedure, thus retaining as much of these insertions and modifications as humanly possible, all of this shall most likely continue to stifle all serious efforts to arrive at the truth and continue to result in translations containing only half-truths.
This will especially be the case when the financial backers and the translators are notably biased in favor of a given doctrine or belief. Following the Westcott and Hort text, other translations have followed, such as the Bernhard Weiss translation and then the Eberhard Nestle translation which simply took the consensus of three earlier texts, Tischendorf, Westcott and Hort and the Weiss text.
Further developments have been done using this hybrid Nestle text, introducing additional evaluation with numerous newly discovered papyri manuscripts dating back to about CE. Sadly, however, the text was also re-evaluated with the evidence of numerous so-called 'Church fathers' CE who were mostly severely biased in favor of a given doctrine and very extremely intolerant of any other Christian denominations which would so much as criticize their views.
Thus, it would be extremely inappropriate to apply weight to these commentaries of Church fathers who could have very well been involved in the original tampering projects which have resulted in these polluted texts. Far from having a cleaning effect on the text the very opposite would be the case. Needless to say, the churches has not welcomed all of this public exposure of their previous actions with a whole lot of enthusiasm. However, they have generally responded by carrying on as if nothing had happened, using the same old Bibles, implying to their flock that the newer translations are simply the same Bible but in modern language, or making the appearance of an effort in acquiring newer modern language translations yet keeping them as close to the old versions as possible.
Woe unto them for what their hand have written and woe unto them for that which they earn [thereby]! And those who believed [in the strict monotheism of God] and did good deeds they are dwellers of the Paradise, they will dwell therein forever.
The Noble Quran, 2: Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them, and theirs will be a painful torment. Those are they who purchase error at the price of guidance, and torment at the price of pardon. What boldness [they show] for the Fire! Due to the vast number of changes, omissions, additions and corrections of the Church that Christianity is beginning to discover, most of those who attempt to defend the actions of the Church are switching to a new tactic.
That of trivialization of all changes. In the book "The Story of the Manuscripts" by Rev. Merrill, the good Reverend quotes Prof. Notice how the good Professor manages to first start by alleging that the number of "variant readings" are only a fraction of their true number according to him only , this number being in the respected Professor's estimation quite minuscule.
He then goes on to explain how all of them are undeserving of his attention with only about a dozen being of any doctrinal importance. In this manner, in one paragraph many thousands of additions, omissions, and "corrections" of the church over the ages are suddenly transformed to only a dozen and then quickly reduced to none. Notice how casually and quickly centuries of tampering with the text of the "inspired word of God" is brushed off and justified?. For such men the answer is very simple.
All of the changes to the text are all "trivial" and "inconsequential. For them it is just a matter of the "spirit" of the book. For them, some of the words of God are not really that important and can be disregarded. Look at it this way. If I were to tell you: No more than, say, thirty or forty pieces. So long as you do not cut off any 'important' or 'big' pieces. Should we not deal with the scriptures of God the same way?
It was the result of a six year study by 24 Christian scholars from a number of Western universities. They decided to produce a translation of the Gospels which would be uncolored by the translator's personal faith. They scanned the text for the words of Jesus, and collect an index of over 1, such sayings. They then tested the validity of each of these sayings, one at a time, to see whether Jesus truly said each one. They then produced a fresh translation, color-coded to show authentic Jesuit sayings and those of an unreliable nature.
Their conclusion page 5 was:. It has been a painful lesson for both the church and scholarship. The distinction between the two figures is the difference between a historical person who lived in a particular time and place Some of the sources demonstrated by the authors are:. Authors freely copied from predecessors without acknowledgment.
Sages became the repository of free-floating proverbs and witticisms. For the first Christians, Jesus was a legendary sage: The proverb in Mark 2: Variations in difficult saying often betray the struggle of the early Christian community to interpret or adapt sayings to its own situations Matthew's version of the aphorism "The last will be first and the first last" Matt The contrast between Christian language or viewpoint and the language or viewpoint of Jesus is a very important clue to the real voice of Jesus, the language of Jesus was distinctive, as was his style and perspective.
The above is only a very small sampling of the very large cache of evidence clearly showing the Bible to have been seriously distorted and altered. To this day it is being continuously edited, corrected, and modified.
This is not to say that Christians are not good and honest people in search of the truth. Among them are some of the most decent and moral people on this earth.
The goal of this book is only to show that the Christian faith as it stands today is not the same one preached by Jesus peace be upon him to his followers nineteen hundred years ago. This is exactly what the Qur'an has been asserting for over fourteen hundred years now. Why do you reject the Signs of God, when you [yourselves] bear witness [to their truth]?.
O People of the Book! Why do you clothe Truth with falsehood, and conceal the Truth, while you have knowledge? Why do you reject the Signs of God, when God is Himself witness to all you do? Why do you obstruct those who believe from the path of God, Seeking to make it crooked, while you were yourselves witnesses? Nor did those who were given the scripture dissent therefrom except after knowledge had come to them, through envy of each other. But whosoever disbelieves in the Signs of God, [then surely,] God is swift in calling to account.
Of the People of the Scripture there is a party who stand [for that which is right], they recite the revelations of Allah throughout the night, falling prostrate [before Him]. They will not sell the Signs of God for a miserable gain! For them is a reward with their Lord, and God is swift to take account. Now has come unto you Our messenger, revealing to you much of what you used to hide in the Book, and passing over much.
The Gospel of John and the Hellenzation of Jesus. For many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together. And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying, We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands. But neither so did their witness agree together. Christian scholars have known, recognized, and documented the many and varied contradictions to be found in the Bible for centuries now.
These contradictions are a direct result of the continuous and unrelenting attempts to correct, fix, and amend the Bible in order to make a given doctrine "clear" to the reader. It is the masses who have been kept in the dark in this regard.
There is extensive historical and scriptural evidence to be found in the books of the Bible which support this conclusion. Some Christian scholars estimate the errors in the Bible to be in the range of 14,, or even much more.
This is why it has become necessary for the Church to demand "blind faith" from the masses. Matthew is now recognized as not being the author of Matthew read for example Matthew 9: John is also recognized as not being the author of John read for example John These Christian scholars not Muslims have even gone so far as to attempt to identify the original documents from which these books were originally derived, such as J, P, Y, Q, For centuries now, the Qur'an has been bearing witness that the previous books of God had been modified by the hands of the unscrupulous few.
Even now when Christians and their universities themselves recognize this to be a historical fact they still do not bother to tell the masses. Some of these Conservative scholars, such as Mr. Bruce, appear to have completely given up on refuting the proof of distortion and have now resorted to "spiritualizing" the Bible and telling people in effect that the teachings of the Bible are useful anyway even if we don't even know who the inspired authors are. Others will adamantly refuse to believe that anyone has changed the word of God or that the Bible contains any conflictions whatsoever no matter how much evidence is presented.
They are willing to either:. Even at that, they don't attempt to explain all the contradictions presented. They have developed a system where in one paragraph they manage to reduce many thousands of discrepancies to "only a handful which are at all important," and even before reaching the end of the paragraph, even this "handful" is quickly brushed away as being "only apparent discrepancies.
The problem in many cases is that it is human nature when given a choice between two matters, to take the simpler of the two, sometimes even against one's better judgment. This is indeed how many people lose their life savings to people who tell them that they will invest it for them in a "sure thing," or people who encourage others to participate in lotteries. We would not expect that our land would grow fruit without our having to lavish upon it months of back breaking work.
We would not expect that a large company would be willing to pay us a handsome weekly paycheck without our actually doing some useful work for them, however, when it comes to the ultimate reward and the ultimate prize, the Paradise of the Lord of creation, now we are told that it is no longer necessary to work for the ultimate prize. Paul has made salvation a very easy commodity to come by in Christianity. They only have to "believe. No one has to work for their salvation Romans 3: Paul has brought for them the "sure thing" and the short cut to salvation.
All they need is "faith. The Law and commandments are merely "extra. Below is a small sampling of the many and varied contradictions between the verses of the Bible.
These are only some of the very simple and obvious examples known today. Other more serious ones require comparisons of many passages with each other see for example sections 5. The reader is encouraged to investigate these examples and to try to analyze the excuses given for them objectively.
Please do not accept any and all attempts to justify these contradictions without first analyzing them carefully. When someone tells you that something was a scribal error then remember that the transmitters of even the Old Testament claim that every word and every letter was faithfully counted and recorded and thus, it would be impossible for unintentional errors to creep in.
This claim by itself should refute all excuses. I have seen many such claims of 'numerical miracles' and 'Code finds' in the Bible. Once such claim which I recently came across claimed that the Torah has recently been shown to be statistically valid to over One of those men who became obsesed with this issue was Ivan Panin who spent 50 years writing over 43, pages investigating Bible numerics in an attempt to prove that the Bible contains a numerical miracle regarding the numbers seven and eleven, and the position value of letters and other devices.
Firstly, as observed by Gary Miller, the Bible does not state that these things have any relevance. Nowhere has God said: Obviously we can't have it both ways. For example, Panin himself revised the New Testament based on his ideas. In places where the text does not conform to his theory he decides on the basis of that which fits his scheme.
One author of "theomatics" maintained that the anonymous book of Hebrews was written by Paul because this would mean that the total number of books in the Bible credited to Paul would then be equal to fourteen -a multiple of seven.
Notice how the text is made to conform to the theory rather than vice-versa? To take one example of the methods used to attempt to explain the contradictions which have crept into the Bible as a result of centuries of "correction" to its text; the contradiction between Matthew John was not interested in promoting all kind of speculation about his identity, but to focus attention upon the one he had been sent to prepare the way for.
Does this sound logical? These apologists' arguments are usually presented with such confidence that people don't bother to analyze them or look any further. Is this how John "focuses attention" on Jesus? It is inconceivable to think that John, peace be upon him, a prophet of God, would intentionally lie especially in a matter that can totally nullify Jesus' whole message.
It is also inconceivable that a prophet of God would remain a prophet of God for many years before the coming of Jesus , fulfilling many prophesies, but neither know that he was sent by God, nor be informed by God that He sent him. The Qur'an tells us that if the word of God were ever to be tampered with by the hands of mankind then it will be easy to detect this tampering by the contradictions which will inevitably result.
Had it been from other than Allah, they would have surely found therein much discrepancy. The "witness" of the Gospels in our hands today do indeed "agree not together. Thus, as claimed in the Qur'an, this has resulted in it bearing "false witness against him Jesus. And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.
More than ten years later. Paul receives very simple command. Acts Paul falls to ground and the others also fall to the ground. Paul receives a long sermon and detailed instructions. His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow: And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men.
And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: It was Mary Magdalene and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, which told these things unto the apostles. And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulcher at the rising of the sun And they went out quickly, and fled from the sepulcher; for they trembled and were amazed: Jesus, when he cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.
When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples and said And they saw the God of Israel: Also see Genesis These verses claim that God can be seen John 1: And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years:.
And Enoch walked with God: But when his disciples saw it, they had indignation, saying, To what purpose is this waste? For this ointment might have been sold for much, and given to the poor.
And he went into the Pharisee's house, and sat down to meat. And, behold, a woman in the city, which was a sinner, when she knew that Jesus sat at meat in the Pharisee's house, brought an alabaster box of ointment, And stood at his feet behind him weeping, and began to wash his feet with tears, and did wipe them with the hairs of her head, and kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment. Now when the Pharisee which had bidden him saw it, he spake within himself, saying, This man, if he were a prophet, would have known who and what manner of woman this is that toucheth him: Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, which should betray him, Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor?
This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein. A Large Sample of Contradictions. Some clear contradictions which were compiled by a former Evangelical minister and Missionary. Luke says that it was a sinful woman. John says that it was Mary, Lazarus' sister. Luke and John both say that she anointed his feet. Matthew claims that the disciples were indignant.
Luke claims that the Pharisee alone was indignant. John claims that Judas Iscariot alone was indignant. Then they went to Nazareth". Luke 2 "Jesus was born in Bethlehem. When he was twelve years old, he stayed behind for three days without the knowledge of his mother. After they came near his house, someone came out and told him that his daughter had died while he was away.
And when he had gone a little farther, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, and they followed him too. All of them were mending their nets when they met Jesus. On the banks of the Jordan, John the Baptist pointed out Jesus to two of his disciples, and they followed Jesus.
Andrew found his brother Simon, and brought him to Jesus. Jesus named him Cephas. The next day Jesus went into Galilee, and found Philip. Philip then found Nathanael. At no time was anyone mending nets.
John recognized Jesus and forbade him, saying, "I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me? Once Jesus was baptized, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him John recognized Jesus before the dove descended.
And I knew him not: And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God" Only after the dove descended did John recognize Jesus. The second claims that he didn't until it descended. The third takes a middle ground. One man that was deaf, and had an impediment in his speech was brought before Jesus. Insomuch that the multitude wondered, when they saw the dumb to speak, the maimed to be whole, the lame to walk, and the blind to see: Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake.
Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved. Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it should be of whom he spake. He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?
Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon. And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly" Matthew And they were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say unto him, Lord, is it I?
And he answered and said, He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me. The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: Then Judas, which betrayed him, answered and said, Master, is it I? He said unto him, Thou hast said". Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and kissed him.
And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus and took him John Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons. Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye? They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he.
And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them. As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground. Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth.
Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he: That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none. Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus. Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him.
But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead? No human can inherit sin. God creates Plants, then animals, then man and woman. God creates man, then plants, then animals, then woman. Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and the female So Baasha slept with his fathers, and was buried in Tirzah".
But he died in the twenty seventh year! So how did he invade Judah 10 years after his death? Arpachshad Arphaxad was the grandfather of Salah Sala. This is one of the ten commandments Hosea 1: Then he fell to her feet. The list goes on and on, however, hopefully this sampling shall prove sufficient so that the reader might see what has driven countless Christian scholars to recognize the evidence of tampering.
God does not inspire contradictions. Some among mankind have been tampering with the words of the Bible and then passing them off to mankind as part of the "faultless words of God. Any reputable scholar of the Bible will never attempt to claim to be able to convince the majority of the scholars of the Bible that all of these 50, errors are all only "apparent" and that he is able to provide logical explanations for them all, one by one, from the Biblical text itself.
Reputable Biblical scholars who have even the most rudimentary knowledge of Church history and Biblical manuscript preservation know better than that.
The most they shall try to do is to claim that all 14,, errors are all "insignificant" and "undeserving of attention" or that they "do not affect basic faith. We are asked to understand that the Bible is an ancient book and "obviously" errors will eventually creep in sooner or later.
This however overlooks three crucial issues:. We are not talking about a regular book here, rather we are searching for the authentic original word of God, and the Bible says:. So if 14,, errors have crept into the Bible then where is the unerring word of God which we have been promised? If one of us were to be charged with the task of preserving our chosen and cherished ancient scripture by transcribing a fresh copy of it for future generations, could we imagine, even in our wildest fantasies that we would be so lax and totally careless in our duties that we would allow ourselves to introduce not one or two, but many thousands upon thousands of errors into the new copy?
Is it possible that no one felt the need to review these scribe's work? Did they have no superiors to double and triple check their work?
Did the scribes not review it themselves? To believe such claims is to assign to these scribes and their churches accusations of ineptitude and indifference of monumental proportions.
There is no two ways about it. If we are not able to explain each and every one of the 14,, errors, no matter how "trivial" they may be, one at a time and within the context of the Biblical text alone, then either the errors were introduced intentionally, or else they were introduced through ineptitude and indifference towards their most holy scripture that truly defies imagination.
Hodgston, and translated by George Eliot. For I know thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck: Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them.
For I know that after my death ye will utterly corrupt [yourselves], and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the latter days; because ye will do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger through the work of your hands.
They change words from their places and have abandoned a good part of the message that was sent to them. And you will not cease to discover deceit in them, except a few of them.
But forgive them and overlook their misdeed. Allah loves the kindly. Muhammad Do not be grieved by those who vie with one another in the race to disbelief, of such as say with their mouths: They change the words from their places; they say: If you are given this then take it, but if you are not given this then beware! He whom Allah dooms unto sin, you by your efforts will avail him naught against Allah. Those are they for whom the will of Allah is that He cleanse not their hearts; for them there is a disgrace in this world, and in the Hereafter a great torment.
For countless ages, the only book of history available to Christians and Jews was the Old Testament. When someone wanted to know what happened in the past, they would go back and study the Old Testament to find the answer.
New theories about history literally lived and died by their conformance to what the Old Testament taught. Then the discrepancies began to be noticed. Once mankind began to study the Old Testament in detail, comparing the various passages which referred to the same topic in order to obtain as much detail as possible, they began to notice conflicting accounts of many matters as well as other problems.
For instance, in the eleventh century, it was noticed that the list of Edomite kings in Genesis 36 names kings who lived long after Moses was dead Then people began to notice such statements as "to this day" something is true, which implies that the author was looking back at these matters through history and has seen that they have endured. The different "Canons" of the Bible! Different and conflicting variations of "gospels" and "books" that are disagreed upon by the Churches today.
After this, it was noticed that in the beginning verses of the OT manuscripts, Deuteronomy says: But the alleged author, Moses himself, was never supposed to have been in Israel in his life. It was also noticed that Moses speaks in detail in Deuteronomy Moses also calls himself the most humble man on earth in Numbers Now the flood gates were opened and countless other discrepancies began to show up.
In the beginning, it was claimed that Moses wrote the Pentateuch Five "books of Moses" and anyone contesting this fact would be severely punished or worse. However, when these matters started to become well known, it became necessary to find explanations.
This explanation, however, did not stand up to scrutiny because the style and literary characteristics of the verses are the same throughout. For instance, the verses which describe the death and burial of Moses exhibit the same literary characteristics as the verses before and after them.
After this, the trend became to explain any and all discrepancies through abstraction and elaborate interpretations, or through the introduction of additional narrative details that did not appear in the biblical text. Around this time, a startling new discovery was made. It was noticed that the stories in the five books of Moses were made up of doublets.
A doublet is a case of one story being told twice. Even in the English translation of the Bible, the doublets are noticeable. These doublets have been masterfully intertwined so that they become one narrative. For example, there are doublets of the creation of the world, the covenant between God and Abraham, the naming of Isaac, Abraham's claim that his wife Sarah was his sister, the story of Jacob's journey to Mesopotamia, Jacob's revelation at Beth-El, In many cases these doublets actually contradict one another.
The apologists once again jumped up with an explanation in hand. They claimed that the doublets were complementary and not contradictory. It was claimed that they came to teach us a lesson by their "apparent" contradiction. However, this claim did not hold water for long. The reason is that not long after, it was discovered that when the doublets were separated into two separate accounts, each account was almost always consistent about the name of the deity that it used.
This document was called "J. It was called "E. It became obvious that someone had taken two separate accounts of the ministry of Moses , cut them up, and then woven them together quite masterfully so that their actions would not be discovered until countless centuries later.
Once this startling discovery was made, the Old Testament was once again placed under the scrutiny of scholars and it was discovered that the Pentateuch was not made up of two major source documents but FOUR. It was discovered that some stories were not only doublets, but triplets.
Additional literary characteristics were identified for these documents. The third source was called P for Priestly , and the fourth D for Deuteronomy. In the end it was concluded that the first four "books of Moses" were the result of the merging of three separate accounts which were called J, E, and P, and the book of Deuteronomy was found to be a separate account which was called D.
The person or persons who collected and intertwined these sources was called "The Redactor. The Deuteronomist was the editor or compiler of this source, which is roughly coextensive with the book of Deuteronomy".
The term is derived from a Hebrew word for 'God' The symbol is derived from the personal name of God, Jehovah It is commonly regarded as Judahite in origin, and somewhat earlier than E tenth-ninth centuries B. To this source are assigned most of the liturgical, genealogical, legal, and technical materials, connected by a bare minimum of narrative.
The Priestly narrative is usually dated after the captivity, in the sixth or fifth century B. There has been a steady advance until the present position of agreement has been reached, in which Jew and Christian, Roman Catholic and Protestant, Rationalistic and Evangelical scholars, Reformed and Lutheran, Presbyterian and Episcopal, Unitarian, Methodist, and Baptist all concur.
The analysis of the Hexateuch into several distinct original documents is a purely literary question in which no article of faith is involved. Whoever in these times, in the discussion of the literary phenomena of the Hexateuch appeals to the ignorance or prejudice of the multitude as if they were any peril to faith in these processes of Higher Criticism, risks his reputation for scholarship by so doing. There are no Hebrew professors on the continent of Europe, so far as I know, who deny the literary analysis of the Pentateuch into the four great documents".
What exactly does the author mean by the statement "Whoever in these times, in the discussion of the literary phenomena of the Hexateuch appeals to the ignorance or prejudice of the multitude as if they were any peril to faith in these processes of Higher Criticism, risks his reputation for scholarship by so doing"? Well, he is referring to the practices of men who have a regrettable formula for selling their books which is based upon backing the reader into a corner and then giving them only one way to save their faith.
In effect, they are telling their readers "either you accept every word and every syllable as undying inspired truth or else renounce Jesus and become a pagan. Do not go to extremes in your religion: The fact that we recognize that mankind has tampered with the Bible does not mean that God, at one point in time, did not send down a revelation upon prophet Moses, or that He did not send down a revelation upon prophet Jesus peace be upon them both.
The fact that we wish to sift out the words of man from the book of God and only follow the words of God is not by any stretch of the imagination an abandonment of God or Jesus.
Quite the contrary, anyone who is not willing to do their utmost in protecting the words of God from the tampering fingers of mankind has indeed forsaken the very first commandment of God. Although significant questions about his authorship were raised along the way, it was not until the eighteenth century that the question was seriously broached.
Today, it is commonplace that he did not write the Pentateuch, but as we shall see the formation of these books is still shrouded in mystery. The oldest, J, was perhaps written in Judah, the southern kingdom, about BC. In the 7th century BC, Deuteronomy, or most of it D , was compiled.
About BC, during the exile, the final edition of the Torah added a priestly source P , some parts of which are very old.
The term was used by the Christian theologian Origen to denote what the Jews of his time called the "Five-Fifths of Torah teaching.
The Torah is the holiest and most beloved of the sacred writings of the Jews. Jerome and the Christian theologian Tyrannius Rufinus. The Mosaic authorship of the work is not directly affirmed in the books themselves, but it became tacitly accepted by Christian orthodoxy.
The Hebrew priest and reformer Ezra, whose work is associated with another textual component of the Pentateuch known as the Priestly stratum P , gave impetus to observance of the regulations of the Pentateuch. Let us have a look at an example of these doublets from Genesis 6: The Jehovah J text is in regular type, the Priestly P is in bold:.
Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God. The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits.
He is one of many scholars who have attempted to critically study these "source" documents of the "five books of Moses" in order to arrive at the identity of the authors, the time period when each was written, the motives for writing each narrative, and other information.
In his book "Who Wrote the Bible," Prof. Friedman presents strong evidence that each "source document" was written by a person or persons who, while on the face of it seem to narrate the same stories, in actuality had distinctly different goals they wished to achieve.
Friedman's research, each source emphasizes a certain branch of the Jews, their nobility, birth right, and closeness to God.
Sometimes at the price of other branches of the Jews. For instance, J was written by descendants of Judah, E came from descendants of Israel, and P was written by a priest from the descendants of Aaron. Friedman, the P Priestly source seems to be particularly interested in priests, their lineage, their being the only ones who are allowed to sacrifice to God, the importance of sacrifice to God, and the surprising absence of all stories wherein anyone not of their lineage made a sacrifice that was accepted by God for instance the sacrifice of the sons of Adam is missing from this narrative.
It also contains stories of how all those who attempted to make sacrifices to God without the agency of an Aaronid priest were killed by God. The author goes on to show how in J and E we can find similar emphasis on one tribe of the Jews over the other. For instance, on pages he shows how both the J and E documents attempt to give the birthright of Jacob to their own forefathers.
He also shows how in the E version, Joseph is saved by his brother Ruben the firstborn of Israel , while in the J version it is Judah who saves him. The author presents countless other proofs of these claims. The JE texts magnify prophet Moses.
They depict Aaron as having fashioned the golden calf. They also describe Aaron and his sister Meriam as having criticized Moses and having been chastised by God himself for this. They regularly have God saying "and Yahweh said unto Moses Also, as mentioned previously, in the P text no mention is made of any sacrifices to God whatsoever until the last chapter of Exodus wherein we find the story of Aaron's sacrifice when he was consecrated as high priest.
After that, all sacrifices are performed by Aaron and his sons. In other words, the author of P gives no precedence for sacrifice for anyone other than an Aaronid priest. There are even a couple of places in this document which denigrate Moses. Well, what about the rest of the Old Testament?
Are the remaining books of the Old Testament known to have been preserved from change since the time of their first writing and truly to be the words of the claimed authors? Once again, Groliers encyclopedia tells us:.
Joshua tells of a thorough conquest of Canaan, but Judges contains traditions of the Hebrew tribes in the period before the monarchy that reveal the conquest as partial. The books of Samuel are about the founding of the monarchy under Saul and David and contain a magnificent early source for the life of David, probably written about BC.
All the above books have been extensively edited by writers who shared the theology of the D source. Yale Professor Harold Bloom is the author of the book "Book Of J" His book goes to prove that the author of Pentateuch was not prophet Moses , rather, he believes that the Pentateuch, especially the oldest stories of Bible such as stories of Adam and Eve, Noah, Joseph and even Moses were the works of a woman, probably a descendant of King David in 10th century BC.
Harold Bloom says that the "second-rate plagiarists" later formed scriptures out of her scripts. Richard Friedman has also suggested that a woman contributed the OT which was later formally shaped as part of The Holy Bible. Though other scholars believe it was the work of a group of scholars and Jewish traditions. The secretaries of Moses! A brilliant discovery, to be sure! And much of the tradition was added later: In many instances a later pen has glossed or interpreted the original text with his own additions, or tried to bring it up to date for his own age.
Nowadays less and less attention is paid to the question of authenticity, which previously played a large part in Old Testament research. A new conception has arisen concerned with finding out what was the perpose behind these additions and with understanding the composition as such.
Why did the redactor arrange the parts as we now know them - sometimes so unreconciled and so contradictory that the transitions and breaks are imediately recognizable? But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition? For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: But ye say, Whosoever shall say to [his] father or [his] mother, [It is] a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; And honour not his father or his mother, [he shall be free].
Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, [that] observe and do; but do not ye after their works: For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay [them] on men's shoulders; but they [themselves] will not move them with one of their fingers. But all their works they do for to be seen of men: No te lo pienses y ven a disfrutar con….
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