This document gathers all competences of the Autonomous Community that were transferred from the Government of Spain. As in other Autonomous Communities, some competences were not transferred, for example, Justice. The Statute also defines the symbols that should represent the region: The flag , the coat of arms and the anthem of Cantabria. The Parliament of Cantabria  is the principal self-government institution of the Autonomous Community, being the representative body of the Cantabrians.
Presently it is constituted by thirty-nine deputies elected by universal, equal, free, direct and secret suffrage. The primary functions of the Parliament are: The President of the Autonomous Community holds the highest representation of the Community and ordinary representation of the Country in Cantabria, and presides over the Government, coordinating its activities.
The Government of Cantabria  is the body in charge of directing the political activities and exercising the executive and regulatory powers according to the Constitution, the Statute and the laws. The Government is made up of the President, the Vicepresident in which the President can delegate his executive functions and representations and the Councillors, who are appointed and ceased by the President. The autonomous community of Cantabria is structured in municipios municipalities and comarcas regions.
There are municipalities in Cantabria generally comprising several townships, and from these, several districts. A number of municipalities bear the name of one of their townships be it its capital or not , but not all them do. Each municipality is governed by its own city or municipal council , and two of them, Tresviso and Pesquera , do it by concejo abierto open council , having fewer than inhabitants. The Cantabrian legislation divides the autonomous community in administrative regions called comarcas , but traditionally, other subdivisions of the territory have been used.
This law opens the development of the comarcalization in Cantabria promoting the creation of comarcal entities, which have barely begun to appear. Comarcas in Cantabria have not reached administrative nature and barely have definite borders. Nevertheless, functional differences in the territory can be distinguished, dividing it in the following areas: Until the 13th century, Cantabria was organized in valleys, as was typical in all of northern Spain.
From then on, it was substituted by the organization in cities, towns or historic comarcas that grouped several valleys. The economy of Cantabria has primary industry , now in decline, employing 5.
The secondary industry which employs The service sector employs As of July , the unemployment rate in Cantabria is In , Cantabria's growth of real GDP was 4. The most significant consequence of the strong relief of the Cantabrian territory is the existence of topographic barriers that condition decisively the courses of the linking infrastructures, as much in the north-south orientation in the accesses to the Castilian Mesa , as in the east-west in the communication between valleys.
Moreover, the cost of their construction and maintenance is much higher than average. In Cantabria, there are two daily regional newspapers in addition to the national ones: The main national radio stations have transmitter stations in places like Santander, Torrelavega, Castro-Urdiales, or Reinosa. There are also numerous local and regional stations. In recent years, the Internet has allowed new informative proposals to emerge in the shape of digital diaries or blogs, which contribute to enrich the mediatic panorama of the region.
Spanish is the official language of Cantabria. The eastern part of Cantabria contributed to the origins of Castilian Spanish in a significant way. In the western part there are remnants of the Cantabrian language , or "mountain language", and it is also somewhat preserved in parts of the Pas and Soba valleys in its eastern zone.
This language has neither regulation nor official recognition in Cantabria. All over the region cattle and typical products fairs are celebrated weekly, monthly, or annually to gather the neighbours of the land. There are many different festivities in Cantabria, some of them limited just to small villages, but there are also festivals that attract tourism from all over the country. The most important are the following:. The following festivals are also remarkable in modern Cantabrian culture: The north of the Spanish state is a rich area for mythology.
From Galicia to the Basque Country , passing by Asturias and Cantabria, there are rites, stories and imaginary or impossible beings or maybe not so. Cantabrian lore turns its forests and mountains into magical places where the myths , beliefs and legends have been present as an essential part of the Cantabrian culture , either because they have been living in the popular heritage through the oral tradition transmitted from father to son, or because they have been recovered by scholars Manuel Llano and others who have worried about preserving the cultural heritage.
Its mythology and superstitions present a great Celtic influence that has diluted with the pass of time, being romanized or Christianized in many cases. The traditional sport of Cantabria is the game of bolos  skittles in its four forms: The first one is the most widespread, exceeding regional nature and reaching the eastern zone of Asturias and also being the most complex in its game rules.
The existence of boleras or skittle rings is important in every Cantabrian township, often being near the church or the village pub. Since the late s, skittle play has consolidated with the reinforcement of skittle schools, revamped by different town councils and Cantabrian institutions, various competitions, and media coverage.
The remo rowing is a very traditional sport in the coastal towns. The origins of rowing in Cantabria go back many centuries, when several traineras traditional fishing longboats competed for the selling of the caught fish, which was reserved for the first ship to arrive to the fish market. At the end of the 19th century, work became sport and people started to celebrate regattas between Cantabrian townships. The Pasiegan jump is another of the outstanding rural sports of the region and a clear example of how the use of a work skill that disappears with the pass of time, gives rise to games and competition.
Similar to other forms, like the Canarian shepherd jump , in the beginning this technique was used in the Pasiegan valleys to cross the stone walls, the fences, the creeks or the ravines that bordered the fields and obstructed the pass in the abrupt geography of the highland areas of Cantabria.
Cantabria has been the birthplace of exceptional and notable individuals in fields such as literature, arts, sciences, etc.
Many of them have played a decisive role, not only in the history and events of the region, but also on the national and international levels. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the Spanish community of Cantabria. For residents of Cambridge, see Cantabrigian. For other uses, see Cantabria disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Autonomous community in Spain. Carmen Maura regresa a los escenarios de la mano de este drama escrito por Guillem Clua y dirigido por Josep Maria Mestres. Amelia es una madre rota de dolor que ejerce con disc Parque de la Prehistoria de Casa Marcial Asturiana , Parres. Terror Fecha de estreno: Drama Fecha de estreno: Thriller Fecha de estreno: Carmen y Lola Carmen es una adolescente que vive en el extrarradio de Madrid.
During this period it became heavily fortified. The most notable historic episode in Zamora was the assassination outside the city walls of the king Sancho II of Castile in All three sons warred among themselves, till the ultimate winner, Sancho, was left victorious. Zamora, under his sister who was allied with Leonese nobles, resisted. King Sancho II was murdered by a duplicitous noble of Zamora, Bellido Dolfos , who tricked the king into a private meeting.
Zamora was also the scene of fierce fighting in the 15th century, during the conflict between the supporters of Isabella the Catholic and Juana la Beltraneja. It is the Spanish equivalent of the English proverb "Rome wasn't built in a day. As a result, the city preserves many churches and buildings from that time. In the s and s it was ruled by Prince Ponce Giraldo de Cabrera , who has a street named after him in the city today.
In the next centuries, the city lost its political and economic relevance and suffered emigration, especially to South America where many other cities called Zamora were founded. Henry IV granted Zamora the epithet of "most noble and most loyal city". During the Spanish Civil War , Zamora was from the start of the military rebellion a nationalist held city. Zamora has a cold semi-arid climate Köppen: